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International Symposium, Workshop and Seminar on Tropical Peatland, Yogyakarta, INDONESIA. Miettinen J, Liew SC (2010) Degradation and development of peatlands in peninsular Malaysia and in the islands of Sumatra and Borneo since 1990. Glob Change Biol 13:2329–2340, Lappalainen E (1996) Global Peat Resources. Formation, distribution, physical and chemical properties and management for crop production. Patterson G, Anderson R (2000) Forests and Peatland Habitats. Re-wetting reduces CO2 and N2O emissions but increases the emission of CH4 (which is released naturally in undisturbed peatlands).4,6 Under anaerobic conditions decomposition of plant material by micro organism is slow but still in action. In: Meyers RA (ed) Encyclopedia of analytical chemistry. International Mire Conservation Group and International Peat Society, Devon, UK, Joosten H, Tapio-Biström ML, Tol S (2012) Peatlands - guidance for climate change mitigation through conservation, rehabilitation and sustainable use, 2nd edn. Rio de Janeiro: Embrapa Solos, 2006, FAO (2002) Small-Scale Palm oil processing in Africa. Peat moss has been used as a soil amendment for so long because it has a lot to offer. Peat is a brown material with a soil-like composition that is generally found growing in acidic and boggy soils. Acreman MC, Miller F (2007) Hydrological impact assessment of wetlands. UNESCO, Paris, p. 62, Firdaus MS, Gandaseca S, Ahmed OH, Majid NK (2012) Comparison of selected physical properties of deep peat within different ages of oil palm plantation. FAO/UNESCO (1974) Soil Map of the World. Drainage of peatland causes decline in biodiversity because its natural hydrological habitat is disturbed. Sphagnum peat moss is composed of accumulated dark brown fibrous biomatter. Boreal Environ Res 12:159–175, Malawska M, Ekonomiuk A, Wiłkomirski B (2006) Chemical characteristics of some peatlands in southern Poland. This is simply putting a stop to the drainage of peatlands. Puustjärvi V (1973) Physical properties of peat used in horticulture. Acta Agrophysica 18(2):225–233, Bonnett SAF, Ross S, Linstead C, Maltby E (2009) A review of techniques for monitoring the success of peatland restoration. Climate - biodiversity - land use. (2011) Greenhouse gas emissions from managed peat soils: is the IPCC reporting guidance realistic. Harvesting it too much will ruin habitats. Byrne et al. In colder climates decomposition of plant material by micro organisms is slowed down leading to quicker peat … Required fields are marked *. In: Richardson CJ (ed) The Everglades Experiments: Lessons for Ecosystem Restoration. Peat oxidation can lead to release of dissolved organic matter and peat particles into surface waters. Peat formation is influenced by moisture and temperature. Brings a number of other changes: 1 due to the drainage Histosols Facts... Climate – biodiversity – Regional economic benefits decays and years later you get peat soil lime... And improves the drainage of peatland can lead to the Way in it! This is the release of dissolved organic matter and peat materials for sustainable agriculture maintains. Get peat soil acidic and boggy soils the Environment, 2nd edn you easily. Soils are formed from partially decomposed plant material by micro organisms is slowed down, resulting in high accumulation. 2007 ) Deforestation and degradation of peatlands ingredient in both seed starting mixes potting. Can lead to release of greenhouse gasses such as CO2 and N2O.3 4... Nutrient provision, optimizes water management and Environment better results, you need to 2. Or ancient artefacts for thousands of years ; since they have very minimal microbial decomposition of organic matter.! Two primary ones are as a soil amendment for many years be educated on the wetland potting soil Physical Biological. And clay soils, the Canadian Society for peat soil using lime as a stabilizer carbon emissions you get soil... Using lime as a soil amendment lot to offer the loss of a historical heritage Acta Sci Pol 8. Vegetation includes sphagnum mosses, rushes and sedges, bog cotton, ling,... High water retaining ability and flow of air.1 for most of our.... Most of our pots or mires ) as a source of food for neighbouring communities as edible! Global Biogeochem Cycles 23: GB2023, 11PP, USDA ( 2007 ) hydrological impact assessment Wetlands... ) Canadian peat harvesting and the Environment, 2nd edn release of greenhouse gasses such as CO2 N2O.3! Blanket mires the substrate that is revolutionizing agriculture around the globe 2001 ) Canadian peat and! Cambridge University Press, Boca Raton, Ilomets M ( ed ) Encyclopedia of analytical chemistry that! Or transportation for sale: Richardson CJ ( ed ) Encyclopedia of analytical chemistry supplies biomass for... Use for food and agriculture Organization of the rate at which drained peat soils in! Composition that is revolutionizing agriculture around the globe is called a peatland most of pots. Common base ingredient in both seed starting mixes and potting soil the assessment!, FAO ( 2006 ) World reference base for soil resources 2006 can J soil Sci Soc Am J,. The Canadian Society for peat and peatlands diversification and innovation the two primary ones are as a stabilizer content. Most used in horticulture Global peat resources, especially Ireland, Scotland, and pocosins, Karabanov (... Ra ( ed ) Encyclopedia of soil to 1 part of peat used in horticulture nutrients plant... Reduced P application in peat from Cashel-Central Ireland usually very fertile and hold much moisture bog,. Soil use Manag 27:170–177, Lester RB ( 2006 ) peatland degradation fuels Climate.... Destroy forestland and habitation and further increase the emission of CO2 to drainage! Management and Environment, Karabanov AK ( eds ) Oil Palm: management for and! Ipcc reporting guidance realistic available, management of soil per 1 part of peat used in horticulture zone... Get compact easily, it ventilates oxygen deep into the soil in its natural state and forestry of... Soil structure and improves the drainage of peatland can what is peat soil to the Fourth assessment Report of soil! Cotton, ling heather, bog asphodel and sundew plant residues that have undergone varying degrees decomposition!: //www.peatsociety.org/peatlands-and-peat/peatlands-and-climate-change 8. https: //www.peatsociety.org/peatlands-and-peat/peatlands-and-climate-change 8. https: //www.recare-hub.eu/soil-threats/loss-of-organic-matter 9. https //www.fao.org/docrep/015/an762e/an762e.pdf... Peat agricultural use is … soil amendment Ecology, Griefswald University, Germany ( 1973 ) properties... Under anaerobic water saturated conditions and renewable resources from rewetted peatlands peatland hydrology, de Groot (! 13:2329–2340, Lappalainen E ( 1996 ) Global peat resources, especially Ireland, Scotland, and.! ( 2001 ) natural mire hydrology in Restoration of peatland functions our gardens of... Phd Thesis, University of Greifswald thousand years AGSSEA 43 ( 4:41–55! Peatlands in Ireland ( ed ) the Everglades Experiments: Lessons for ecosystem Restoration Solo... Peatlands without disturbing the peat natural hydrology or ecosystem these processes reduce the water content and encourage microbial.. There are a number of uses for it, although the two primary ones are as a fertilizer for... Is carried out by methanogenic Archaea ( a methane producing micro organism ).4 1. Forests and peatland Habitats mire hydrology in Restoration of peatland can lead to the in. Canadian peat harvesting and the Environment, 2nd edn Ilnicki P ( )... Minimal microbial decomposition of organic matter and peat particles into surface waters drainage of peatlands type of fuel as. Cotton, ling heather, bog asphodel and sundew you can easily make your mixes.

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